Did the Kingdom of David, of Jewish, Christian and Muslim tradition, exist? Outside biblical references, there's little evidence. Israeli rcheologists, excavating KhirbetQeiyafa (KEER-bat KeeYAHfa), are claiming possible proof, omparing Israelites to Canaanites and Philistines through food remnants, shards, architecture, carved images and portable shrines, causing a stir in media, reporting stories evidence of scripture as historical document.
Aren Maeir, Bar Ilan University archaeologist, notes this is only evidence of the formative rise of Judah, not the elaborate empire of legend. "Thefinds have not yet established who the residents were,” he said. "There's no question that this is a very important site, but what exactly it was — there is still disagreement about that.”
Even so, as recently as 2010, Gershon Galil of the University of Haifa identified Khirbet Qeiyafa as the “Neta’im” of 1 Chronicles 4:23, based primarily on findings of pottery, flat bread baking and absence of pig bones.